IntroductionAngina is chest pain or discomfort that results from a lack of blood and oxygen flow to the heart muscle. A narrowed or blocked artery due to coronary artery disease is the most common cause of angina. When blood cannot reach the heart tissue, especially during physical activity, chest discomfort may occur that can last up to several minutes. Angina may be treated with rest, medication, cardiac rehabilitation, and surgery.
Am I at Risk
Risk factors may increase your likelihood of developing angina, although some people that develop the condition do not have any risk factors. You should tell your doctor about your risk factors and discuss your concerns.
Risk factors for angina:
_____ Coronary artery disease caused by atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries.
_____ Males greater than females
_____ Cigarette smoking
_____ High cholesterol, in particular, high LDL and low HDL cholesterol
_____ High blood pressure
_____ People with a family history of heart disease
_____ High blood sugar levels associated with diabetes
_____ Sedentary lifestyle
_____ Advancing age.
_____ Drug use, especially cocaine
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The iHealthSpot patient education library was written collaboratively by the iHealthSpot editorial team which includes Senior Medical Authors Dr. Mary Car-Blanchard, OTD/OTR/L and Valerie K. Clark, and the following editorial advisors: Steve Meadows, MD, Ernie F. Soto, DDS, Ronald J. Glatzer, MD, Jonathan Rosenberg, MD, Christopher M. Nolte, MD, David Applebaum, MD, Jonathan M. Tarrash, MD, and Paula Soto, RN/BSN. This content complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information. The library commenced development on September 1, 2005 with the latest update/addition on April 13th, 2016. For information on iHealthSpot’s other services including medical website design, visit www.iHealthSpot.com.